Projects

International

IMPROVING – Posilnenie výskumných kapacít Ústavu materiálového výskumu v Košiciach
Improving the research capacity of the Institute of materials research in Košice
Program: FP7
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Dusza Ján, DrSc.
Duration: 1.3.2009 – 28.2.2010
CRV – Centrum rozvoja vzdelávania v oblasti multidisciplinárneho výskumu a vývoja progresívnych materiálov a technológií
Centre for the education on the multidisciplinar research and development of advanced materials and technologies
Program: European Science Foundation (ESF)
Project leader: prof. RNDr. Dusza Ján, DrSc.
Duration: 8.10.2007 – 30.9.2008

National

INNOVATTOOLS – Inovatívne prístupy k zvyšovaniu životnosti a znižovaniu energetickej náročnosti rezných nástrojov pri spracovaní dreva v lesníctve
Innovative approaches to increase the lifetime and reduce the energy consumption of cutting tools in wood processing in forestry
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: The project will address the issue of the use of methods and procedures for the modification of cutting tools for wood processing in forestry. The result will be an increase in their lifetime and a reduction in emissions and energy consumption of forestry machinery and equipment. The main objects of research will be tools for primary wood processing, modification and processing of forestry biomass for energy purposes, such as splitting and chipping tools, tools for cross-cutting wood, etc. The main task of the project will be the design of procedures and methods for the modification of exposed functional surfaces of the tools. Ensuring a higher quality of functional tool surfaces in the context of reducing friction and eliminating adhesion, provides a prerequisite for reducing the load on machinery equipment and thus reducing emissions and energy consumption in a given production. Analyses will be carried out on the tools – FEM analysis in order to determine the stress-strain state, on the samples analysis of the state of the material in terms of physical properties, microstructure, mechanical properties and resistance to adhesive wear in wood-metal interaction and also abrasive wear. Based on the results of the analyses carried out, innovative surface treatment procedures will be proposed for the exposed functional surfaces to guarantee an increase in their functional lifetime. These will be applied to samples and laboratory tested by relevant test procedures. From the results of the laboratory tests, a selection will be made of the most appropriate non-conventional innovative procedures, which will be applied to the tools and tested on the equipment under forestry operating conditions. In doing so, it will be observed how the modifications in question affect the energy consumption of forestry machinery and equipment. Part of the project solution will be to ensure industrial-legal protection of the original solutions.
Duration: 1.7.2022 – 30.6.2026
DINOMESEM – Vývoj inovatívnych spôsobov spracovania a spájania elektrotechnických ocelí pre vysokoúčinné aplikácie v e-mobilite
Development of innovative methods of processing and joining electrical steels for high-efficiency applications in e-mobility
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Mgr. Petryshynets Ivan, PhD.
Annotation: The global trend to reduce emissions has forced car producers to think about other types of propulsion thaninternal combustion engines. A significant direction in which the world is currently moving in this area is thereplacement of internal combustion engines with electric car drives. This fact has led and it is still leading to a greatexpansion in the production of car batteries, which would allow the longest possible range of electric cars. Besidesthe capacity of the batteries, the efficient use of stored energy in electric vehicle drives has a significant effect onthe range of cars as well. This project aims to reduce losses and increase the efficiency of electric drives.Increased efficiency and reduced losses can be achieved by reducing the losses in the materials of the rotors andstators of rotating electrical machines, but also by reducing the losses that occur when changing the properties of the source material during cutting and subsequent joining into rotor and stator bundles. Experimental research will focus on optimizing the microstructure and texture of various grades of electrical sheets in order to minimize electromagnetic losses and optimize the conditions for the production of rotor and stator bundles by cutting and subsequent joining. The optimization of the conditions of joining electrical sheets of various chemical and microstructural concepts will be the expected output of the project. The magnetic properties of the joined electrical sheet cut-outs will be compared with the magnetic properties of the lamellas produced by electrospark cutting.
Duration: 1.7.2022 – 31.12.2025
DEBIORE – Degradovateľné kovové biomateriály s riadeným uvoľňovaním liečiv
Degradable metallic biomaterials with controlled drug release
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kupková Miriam, CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2021 – 31.12.2024
Ino-Clad – Inovatívne prístupy pri obnove funkčných povrchov laserovým naváraním
Innovative approaches to the restoration of functional surfaces by laser weld overlaying
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on the restoration of functional surfaces by laser weld overlying. Innovative approaches willbe applied in the restoration of functional parts of molds for high-pressure die casting of aluminum alloys. Laserweld overlaying technology will be used for the formation of restoration layers in order to significantly reduce thenegative impact of the introduced heat on the quality of sub-weld layers. Newly designed additional materialsbased on Co, Ni, Fe with the presence of dispersed abrasion-resistant precipitates will be used. Additionalmaterials for laser welding will be used in the form of wires made of Uddeholm Dievar and Maraging. For bettervariability of the chemical composition, powder additives based on Fe with the addition of B, Ti, Nb, Mo, V and Wwill also be used to create weld overlays. The optimal method of heat treatment of weld overlays will be proposed.Research will further focus on microtexturing the surface of molded parts by low-energy laser radiation usinginnovative engraving surface treatment methods (LBT and EBT) in order to ensure a smooth distribution of theseparating agent on the mold surface. Experimental work will be focused on modifying the microgeometry of thesurface of new and renovated shaped parts of molds so that in the phase of "run-in of the mold" a compact layer ofthe separating agent is created to increase the technological life of molds. PVD and PE-CVD technologies will beused for this purpose.
Duration: 1.7.2021 – 30.6.2024
Vývoj nekonvečného termo-mechanického postupu finálneho spracovania izotropnych elektrotechnických ocelí
Unconventional thermo-mechanical technology development of final processing of isotropic electrical steels.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Petryshynets Ivan, PhD.
Duration: 1.1.2021 – 31.12.2023
Dizajn topografie povrchov nástrojov z WC-Co s aplikovanými PVD povlakmi
Design surface topography tools from the WC-Co applied PVD coating
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: The aim of the project is to solve the partial role of the optimization process of Ni-super alloys used in the aircraft industry, specifically in jet engines. In the machining of Ni-superalloys, a high thermal and mechanical load occurs in the active area of the tool, reducing its lifetime and decreasing production efficiency. The challenge is the design and experimental verification of the new surface texture design of the active parts of the machining tool from WC-Co, the laser pre-treatment technology and the PVD coating of the 4th generation. Surface topography of the active part of the instrument will be modified by impulse laser radiation with controlled energy density and controlled area distribution of the heat exposed areas. The resulting surface of the active part of the tool will contain microcraters at the desired depth profile positions. The output will be an innovated texture of the tool surface in order to make machining of special nickel superalloys more effective – Inconel 713, resp. 718.
Duration: 1.1.2020 – 31.12.2022
ZELASHYK – Zvyšovanie efektívnosti lisovania a spájania dielov hybridných karosérií
Increasing the efficiency of forming and joining parts of hybrid car bodies
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: Nowadays, there is a characteristic continual pressure on the emission reduction produced by the cars. Onepossible way to reduce the amount of emissions produced by the automobiles is the reduction of the bodyweight. The weight of the automobile could be reduced through the hybrid car body, which consists of differentmaterials based on the light alloys, composite materials and high-strength steel sheets. Solutions related to suchhybrid car body designs must be addressed in to the forming, but also to the joining of the individual parts ofsuch multi-material conception. The aim of the project is the optimization of the forming conditions of aluminiumalloy sheets and high-strength steel sheets to increase the process efficiency. The appropriate joining techniquewill be proposed based on the results of the analyses of the stress-strain states of the formed parts. Acomparison of strength and load-bearing capacity of the joints after different intensity of deformation and stressstrainstates will be the assumed result. Effective and innovative methods of joining of aluminium and highstrengthsteel sheets after different intensity of deformation and stress-strain states will be assessed. The resultsobtained from the optimization of the joining process of the materials made of ferrous and non-ferrous metals willallow the strength of joints to be increased.
Duration: 1.7.2018 – 31.5.2022
Dizajn mikroštruktúry a subštruktúry elektroocelí pre náročné aplikácie v pohonoch elektromobilov
The microstructural and substructural design of electrical steels for demanding applications in the electrical cars drives.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Mgr. Petryshynets Ivan, PhD.
Annotation: The project is focused on the microstructural and substructural design of high-strength electrical steels intended for rotors and stators of traction motors for electricalcars and cars with hybrid drive. In frame of present project the research will be focused on the design and preparation of high-strength dynamo steels with good strength as well as the magnetic properties. The proposed steel will be designed so that its microstructure and texture parameters show the low watt loss under load in high magnetic fields and mechanical strength provide by ultra-fine precipitates (up to 50nm) or clusters of selected elements based on FeTiP particles responds to the requirements for the extreme mechanical and fatigue loads of the rotor at sudden braking or pulling acceleration. To achieve the selected composite system a sequence of structure creation will be designed and implemented.
Duration: 1.1.2018 – 31.12.2020
SBIOMAT – Spekané biologicky odbúrateľné kovové materiály
Sintered biodegradable metallic materials
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kupková Miriam, CSc.
Duration: 1.7.2017 – 31.12.2020
FOROPTIMAT – Výskum vplyvu inovácií postupov výroby na životnosť nástrojov a komponentov lesných mechanizmov
Research on the impact of process innovation on lifespan of forestry machinery tools and components
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: Project is focused on research on the impact of process innovation on lifespan of forest machines tools and components. During the project it will be elaborated a comprehensive analysis of the current status in using of working tools and components from material and technology points of view. In order to find stress-strain state of tools and components it will be performed FEM analysis. Further, it will be performed state material analysis of specimens to examine their physical and mechanical properties, microstructure characteristic and resistance to abrasive wear. Based on the results of aforementioned analyzes it will be proposed and applied innovative methods of production technology and surface treatments procedures for exposed functional areas in order to increase their function life. In order to comparison the same experimental tests on specimens will be repeated. Based on the results of comparison, it will be carried out selection of optimal innovative procedures. Selected procedures will be applied and tested in the operating conditions of forestry. It is expected that implementation of the results of applied research will increase lifespan of forest machines tools and components thereby reducing their maintenance costs and purchase costs.
Duration: 1.7.2017 – 31.12.2020
Inotech – Využitie inovatívnych technológií obnovy funkčných plôch foriem na výrobu odliatkov pre automobilový priemysel
The utilization of innovative technology for repair functional surfaces of mold casting dies for castings in automotive industry
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: The project aims at increasing the service life of shaped parts of molds and cores for high pressure die casting (HPDC) of aluminum alloys for the automotive industry. Increasing the service life of casting moulds and dies is achieved using innovative technologies of restoration their functional shape surfaces. For this renovation purpose will be used hard surfacing of functional surfaces of tools in combination with PVD and PE-CVD coatings made of new advanced nanomaterials based on TiAlN, CrAlN and TiB. There will be experimentally verified the effectiveness of local heat exposure of renovated as well as original surface of shaped casting mould to laser as a method of surface pretreatment before deposition thin coatings using PVD or PE CVD technology. The application potential of the project lies in reducing the cost of maintenance moulds and dies, in saving of material resources and also in increasing the productivity and reliability of the process of aluminum castings production.
Duration: 1.7.2017 – 31.12.2020
Výskum systémov duplexných nanokompozitných PVD povlakov s laserom modifikovaným podkladovým materiálom pre aplikácie tlakového liatia kovov.
Research of systems of duplex nanocomposite PVD coatings with laser – modified base material intended for pressure mould cast applications.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: The goal of the project is the development of an innovative process of surface treatment of tools and parts of moulds for pressure metal casting. The process involves laser heating of tool surface which takes place after the final thermal treatment, and subsequent depositing of duplex PVD coating. The contribution of the project willconsist in testing the nanocomposite PVD coatings deposited to specimens from steel intended for hotapplications, subjected to laser treatment before coating and testing their mechanical,tribological and chemical properties at interaction of molten aluminium with the mould material. By treatment of these materials / machine parts by laser in combination with duplex PVD coating the following properties will be achieved: high resistance towear and excellent resistance to thermal shocks which are the factors affecting service life of functional parts of moulds used for for pressure casting, and of mould cavities.
Duration: 1.1.2017 – 31.12.2019
ZKVAVESE – Zvýšenie kvality výstrižkov a efektívnosti strihania elektroplechov
Increasing the quality of cut-outs and effectiveness of cutting electric sheets
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: Electric tractions (motors) are inseparable part of many devices from the motor for home appliances through theelectric motors for machines and equipment to electric motors for electric vehicles. Most of these motors consistof the rotor and stator, which are based on the cut-outs from electrical sheets. The cut-outs are joined into therotor and stator bundles. When making the bundles, the important factor is the quality of cutting surface, whichalso influences the additional operations. It also has a significant effect on the quality parameters of electricmotors (size of losses by engine heating). The proposed project has the ambition to solve the optimization of thequality of cutting existing and new developed electrical sheets in context of the expected development ofproduction of electric vehicles. The base of the experimental part is the verification of new tool materials(including uncoated ones) for the production of the active parts of cutting tools for the purpose of increasing thequality of cutting surface and tool life and thereby increasing the efficiency of production of cut-outs fromelectrical sheets.
Duration: 1.7.2015 – 30.6.2018
Účinok chemického zloženia a mikroštruktúry na náchylnosť dvojfázových ocelí ku vodíkovému krehnutiu
Effect of chemical composition and microstructure on the susceptibility of dual phase steels to hydrogen embrittlement
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. Ing. Rosenberg Gejza, CSc.
Annotation: The project is aimed at research of hydrogen embrittlement (HE) of advanced high strength steels for automotive industry. The experimental program is primarily aimed at dual-phase steels. The effect of HE on strain and fracture properties of these steels will be studied in dependence on various microstructural characteristics (grain size, volume fracture, size and morphology of martensite, …). The aim of this project is to determine also the resistance of the steels against HE in different areas along the thickness of sheet (focused on the area of structural heterogeneities). Therefore, the experiments will be also conducted on miniature samples. Degradation effect of hydrogen will be examined mainly on samples with stress concentrator, which will be exposed to diverse regimes of loading (static, impact and cyclical loading). The development of local strains and size of plastic zone at cracks tip will be examined with metalography-fractography analysis and using parameters of fracture mechanics (KIC, COD,..).
Duration: 1.1.2015 – 31.12.2017
Výskum procesov degradácie moderných nanokompozitných multivrstiev v tavenine zlievárenských zliatin hliníka.
Investigation of degradation processes of advanced nanocomposite mutilayers in melt of aluminum foundry alloys.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: The objective of the project is to study the partial processes occurring in the interaction of aluminum melt with advanced PVD coatings deposited onto the substrate used for the production of cores for forms and ejectors.There will be analysed the local tribological and mechanical properties of systems melt – coating-substrate depending on the variability of the process of preparation, composition and application as a result of the environmental influence. The main benefits of the project will include the selection and testing of advancedmultilayer and nanocomposite coatings deposited on samples from steels for hot working and testing their resistance in molten aluminum. Preferred features of this steel group coated by optimal types of coatings will pose the combination of properties such as high abrasive wear resistance and superior protection against thermal shocks, which are essential factors influencing lifetime of functional components of forms for metal casting under pressure.
Duration: 1.1.2014 – 31.12.2016
AMETIST – Biologicky odbúrateľné kovové materiály pripravené práškovými technológiami
Biodegradable metallic materials prepared by powder technologies
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Kupková Miriam, CSc.
Project webpage: http://ametist.saske.sk
Duration: 1.7.2012 – 31.12.2015
APONAZEP – Aplikácia progresívnych povlakov nástrojov pre zvýšenie efektívnosti a produktivity lisovania plechov z moderne koncipovaných materiálov
Application of progressive tool coatings for increasing the effectiveness and productivity of forming sheets made of modern materials
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: Project solves problems of forming process optimisation and increasing of forming dies lifetime by application of thin coatings to die´s contact surfaces and researches interaction of tribologic pair die surface-sheet surface.Within the project will be researched coated steel sheets (galvanized, tin) as well as aluminium alloys sheets used in automotive and consumers industry. Tribologic system die surface-sheet surface will be researched from the view their surface topology, adhesive and abrasive wearing and deformation and failure mechanisms of die and sheet coatings. Research of active die parts will be focused to coating-die material system in initial state, after deposition conventionial coating based on Ti-Al-N and after deposition new composite coatings based on TiN, TiCN and TiAlN.These coating will be researched before and mechanical loading and after working condition simulation. Modern experimental techniques will be used to diagnose system coating-die material degradation under known qualitative stress distribution in analysed area. Experimentally measurable strength and structural parameters of coating-die material will be identified, that have dominant influence to processed sheets surface quality and die´s lifetime. Wearing tests laboratory results of coatings will be correlated to results of forming dies coatings loading under industial and semi-industrial conditions.
Duration: 1.7.2012 – 30.6.2015
Hodnotenie deformačných a lomových vlastností dvojfázových ocelí prostredníctvom miniatúrnych vzoriek
Evaluation of strain and fracture properties of dual-phase steels on miniature samples.
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. Ing. Rosenberg Gejza, CSc.
Annotation: The project is aimed at research of the effect of various microstructural characteristics (feritte grain size, volume percentage, distribution morphology, percentage of carbon in martensite) on deformation and fracture properties of dual-phase steels. Experiments will be mostly conducted on miniature samples (with and without stress concentrator) which enable us to evaluate the local properties of structural heterogeneities across the thickness of the sheet. The main goal of the project is to evaluate interactive effect of structure/thickness of sheet and evaluate the effect of structure on strain and fracture properties of dual-phase steels which were exposed to different regimes of loading (static, impact, cyclical loading). Development of local strain and size of plastic zone at cracks tip will be examined by metalography-fractography analysis. The parameters of elastic and elastic-plastic fracture mechanics will be used to evaluate the particular stages of damage, as well as failure of samples.
Duration: 1.1.2012 – 31.12.2014
Výskum vlastností kompozitných povlakov aplikovaných modernými PVD technológiami na nástrojoch práškovej metalurgie
Research of the properties of composite coatings applied by advanced PVD technologies onto powder metallurgy tools
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: Research of the properties of multilayer composite coatings deposited by modern PVD technologies onto tools produced by powder metallurgy (PM). Modern PVD coating technologies (ARC and LARC methods)will be used for deposition of coatings based on (Ti,Al)N with addition of Cr, Si, or as Ti substitution. The system coating–base substrate will be subjected to the research focusing on degradation of the coating surface under condition of mechanical wear. For the investigation of failure mechanisms will be used analytical methods – light, electron andtransmission microscopy, AFM to study surface morphology and its roughness, evaluation of adhesive-cohesive properties, indentation and tribological tests, mechanical bending and compression tests and tests of service life.Interpretation of mutual physical and tribological relationships within the scope of analysed systems and conditions of testing on concrete materials will contribute to the knowledge on utilization of new types of coatingsin the working process.
Duration: 1.1.2011 – 31.12.2013
Únavové vlastnosti nízkouhlíkových ultra vysokopevných pokrokových ocelí
Fatigue properties of low carbon advanced ultrahigh strength steels
Program: VEGA
Project leader: doc. Ing. Rosenberg Gejza, CSc.
Annotation: This project is oriented on the development of new low carbon without any silicon addition ultra-high-strength multiphase steels that belong to the group of Advanced high strength steels which are primary designated for automotive industry. The objective of project is to appreciate the measure of effect of chemical composition, of mode of thermomechanically controlled forming and cooling, of combined effect of cold rolling with selected ways of heat treatments on microstructure, mechanical and fatigue properties. The influence of variously processing regimes of steels on activation of the individual strengthening mechanisms and of the level localized plastic deformation at failure will be investigated by use of grid strain analysis method and measuring of the plastic zone size ahead crack-tips or notch root. The main objective of this project is focused on the optimization of microstructure for purpose of achieving the trade-off balance between strength-ductility and fatigue properties of multiphase steels.
Duration: 1.1.2009 – 31.12.2011
Štúdium charakteristík PVD povlakov na nástrojových oceliach pripravených práškovou metalurgiou a ich
Study of Characteristics of PVD Coatings on the Tool Steels prepared by Powder Metallurgy and their Behaviour
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: Study of the effect of the non-coated and coated inserts (VANADIS30 and S390 grades), prepared by powder metallurgy (PM), on the service life at machining of selected sintered materials based on iron. Single- and multilayered coatings based on TiN will be deposited by the PVD method. Complex analysis of the coating/substrate system, microstructural composition of deposited coatings and determination of mechanical and technological properties of the coated system. Detailed analysis of the failure of tools and PM workpiecesmainly in the area of their contact. Explanation of physical and tribological relationships between the material of sintered workpiece and the cutting tools. The results will be a contribution to the knowledge about themachinability of sintered materials by the coated PM cutting tools.
Duration: 1.1.2008 – 31.12.2010
DMKO – Dizajn moderne koncipovaných ocelí na základe charakteristík lisovateľnosti
Design of advanced conceived steels based on pressability characteristics
Program: SRDA
Project leader: RNDr. Džupon Miroslav, PhD.
Annotation: The aim of the project is the derivation of predicting relations between pressability characteristics (boundary drawing ratio, IE, FLD) and microstructure parameters, creating of model maps of applications of advanced sorts of sheets from low-carbon steels and knowledge expansion about deformation mechanisms of particular phases of galvanized steel sheets with pure zinc coatings and Fe-Zn coatings. Limiting conditions of deformation, friction, wear, eventually coating destruction in relation to characteristics of technological processing by pressing of progressive materials will be defined. The project deals with optimization of multiphase steels microstructure and knowledge expansion about zinc coatings of advanced conceived steel sheets acording to characteristics of technological pressability.
Duration: 1.2.2007 – 30.6.2010
Vývoj progresívnych ocelí pre automobilový priemysel
Development of advanced steels for automotive industry
Program: SRDA
Project leader: Prof.Ing. Parilák Ľudovít, CSc.
Duration: 1.1.2006 – 1.12.2008
Štúdium povlakovaných povrchových vrstiev nástrojových ocelí pripravených práškovou metalurgiou
Study of coated surface layers of tool steels prepared by powder metallurgy
Program: VEGA
Project leader: Ing. Jakubéczyová Dagmar, CSc.
Annotation: Study of surface layers of PM tool steels by application of coating with PVD-technologies, duplex coating (plasma nitrided layer as a "support layer" for additional PVD-methods) with the aim of an improvement of their functional properties. Surface treatment of tools made from PM steels – machining tools (HSS-S590-Vanadis 30), cutting and forming tools (Vanadis 4 a 6, K190). Determination of suitable parameters of thermal deposition processes from the point of view of the coat/surface system behaviour under specific loading conditions. Microstructure evaluation by light and scanning electron microscopy, in connection with image analysis (IA) oriented on the surface characteristics (microhardness, adhesion, wear resistance).
Duration: 1.1.2005 – 1.12.2007